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Pinchas

PARSHA ON PARADE IS DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY
OF MY DEAR FATHER AND REBBI:
HARAV HAGAON RAV YESHAYA SHIMANOWITZ Z'TZL ,
ROSH YESHIVA
IN
YESHIVAS RABAINU YAAKOV YOSEF
(RABBI JACOB JOSEPH YESHIVA - RJJ)
IN NYC FOR OVER 23 YEARS.
NIFTAR ON 20 ADAR 5758 - MARCH 18, 1998.
MAY HE BE A MAYLITZ YOSHER FOR ALL OF KLAL YISROEL.

AND

MY DEAR MOTHER
REBITZEN BRACHA ETEL SHIMANOWITZ A'H
WHO DEVOTED HER ENTIRE LIFE TO MY FATHER AND HIS TORAH,
NIFTERA ON 21 TEVET 5770 - WED EVE. JANUARY 6, 2010.
MAY SHE BE A MAYLITZA YOSHER FOR ALL OF KLAL YISROEL


Menachim Z. Shimanowitz

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PARSHA
FACTS

NUMBER OF MITZVOT: 6
6 MITZVOT ASEH (POSITIVE COMMANDMENT)
0 MITZVOT LO TAASEH (NEGATIVE COMMANDMENT - PROHIBITION)

NUMBER OF PESUKIM (SENTENCES): 168

NUMBER OF WORDS: 1887

NUMBER OF LETTERS: 7853

HAFTORA: (Additional portion, from Prophets, which is read after the Parsha)
Yirmiyahu / Jeremiah 1:1-2:3 Divrei Yirmiyahu דברי ירמי
(The three Haftorot of the three weeks preceding the Ninth of Av, are called the — שלש דפורענותא - the "Three (Haftorot) of Punishment").

This week we study Chapter 1 of Pirkei Avot - "Ethics of the Fathers"


פרשת פינחס
PINCHAS
MAKES
A SHARP
POINT
In our last episode a new superhero appeared: Pinchas, son of Elazar, grandson of Aharon. While Moshe and the judges stood stunned at Zimri's rendezvous with a Moabite woman, Pinchas rushed into Zimri's tent and pierced a spear through both of them!

As our Parsha opens, there is controversy in the camp. Zimri is not just some sinner off the street; he is a Nassi, a Prince of Israel, and the leader of his tribe. Pinchas, on the other hand, is a descendant of Yitro on his mother's side. Yitro was an idol worshipper before Moshe came along. How can the descendant of an idol worshipper kill a Nassi?

In Hashem's name, Moshe declares that Pinchas has single-handedly saved the Jews from a plague that would have wiped out all of Bnei Yisroel. Not only was Pinchas right about killing Zimri but he has earned extra points for quick thinking and taking personal risk. Thanks to Pinchas a great Chillul Hashem has been avoided.

Hashem rewards Pinchas with a very long life. 400 years later, in Shoftim, (the Book of Judges), Pinchas is still alive. Indeed, Pinchas never dies, he just changes his name to Eliyahu Hanavi (the prophet). Eliyahu is later taken up to heaven alive. See the Book of Melachim (Kings). He will one day soon blow the shofar that signals the coming of Moshiach.


MAKING
A NEW
KOHAIN

Until now, only those grandsons born after Aharon became the Kohain Gadol, are to be Kohanim. Pinchas, who was born before Aharon became the Kohain Gadol, is to remain a Levi. Hashem rewards Pinchas by making him a Kohain. Hashem rewards Pinchas by making him a Kohain. At that point, no one can use the "descended from idol worshipper" theory on him. Hashem also decrees that most of the Kohanim Gedolim will descend from Pinchas. During the time of the first Bait Hamikdash eighteen Kohanim Gedolim were Pinchas' grand children, and eighty Kohanim Gedolim descended from Pinchas during the second Bait Hamikdash.

MAKING
A MOVE
ON MIDYAN

Once Hashem finishes dealing the blows to the complainers and sinners, and blessings to Pinchas, it's time to move on to Midyanite matters. Hashem lets Moshe know that Midyan is an enemy. Their dastardly attempt to make Bnei Yisroel sin with the Midyanite women is worse than murder. Furthermore, Midyan is undoubtedly hopping mad because the princess, Kozbi, was killed and they are plotting their revenge right now. In the next Parsha, with Hashem's help, Bnei Yisroel will take care of Midyan. Tune in.

UP FOR
THE
COUNT

Between Bilam, Balak and the Midyanite women, many Jews have died from the plague. Now, as Bnei Yisroel prepares to cross into Eretz Yisroel, it's time to take stock of the nation.

Moshe and Elazar are put in charge of counting every man between the ages of twenty and sixty. Once again the half-shekel coin is the key to the count. Each candidate must contribute one half shekel to the committee. The Leviyim are counted separately. Each Levite male from the age of one month and up is included.


AND THE
RESULTS
ARE IN...

Elazar tallies the figures from each Shevet (tribe) and comes up with 601,730 - not much higher than the last census 40 years before. Shevet Shimon has sustained the deepest drop, going from 59,300 men to 22,000. The recent plague brought on by the Midyanite women is to blame. The biggest increase is Shevet Menashe.

An honorable mention goes to Serach, the righteous daughter of Asher who has survived since Yaakov and his family went down to Egypt. She will enter the Promised Land together with Bnei Yisroel and live on for many years.


THE DEED
GOES
TO THE
DAUGHTERS

It's time to hand out the portions of land to the men of Bnei Yisroel. This idea doesn't sit well with a family of five sisters from the tribe of Menashe. Machla, Noah, Chagla, Milka and Tirtza. They feel they're being duped out of land because their father, Tzelafchad, has passed away and has left no sons. Since the land is passed down from father to son, these women stand to lose their share of Eretz Yisroel.

Women's lib takes on the land committee as these five daughters bring their case before Moshe. They ask Moshe to allow them to inherit their father's portion. Furthermore, they want a double portion since their father was a first-born.

Moshe consults with Hashem on the matter. As far as he understands, only sons can inherit the land. But Hashem tells Moshe that if a man has no sons, his daughters can inherit the land.

So the daughters of Tzelafchad inherit a double portion of Eretz Yisroel.


YEHOSHUA
HAS AN
APPOINTMENT

Remember when Moshe hit the rock? His dreams of entering Eretz Yisroel were dashed when Hashem told him he would never set foot in the land of Israel. He would die, instead, in the desert. As the Jews prepare to enter Eretz Yisroel, Moshe realizes that the end is near. He is concerned that the Bnei Yisroel needs a leader to take his place - one who has courage and is wise.

Moshe has two candidates in mind: his sons, Gershom and Eliezer.

But Hashem has other plans.

He's humble... he's learned... he's one of only two spies to bring back a good report about Eretz Yisroel...

Introducing Yehoshua Bin Nun!

Hashem asks Moshe to appoint Yehoshua, his prize student. Moshe should tell Yehoshua how lucky he is to be chosen by Hashem to bring the nation into Eretz Yisroel. First Moshe is to put his hands on Yehoshua's head to transfer his greatness. Then Yehoshua is to speak to the nation in Moshe's presence. When Moshe approaches Yehoshua, Yehoshua turns down the position on grounds of humility. But that only gives Moshe a stronger case. Humility is a great quality in a leader. Moshe puts both hands on Yehoshua's head and the spirit of Hashem flows from Moshe's fingertips into Yehoshua's body. Yehoshua is now filled with the wisdom to guide the Bnei Yisroel when Moshe is gone.

Moshe teaches Yehoshua how to pronounce the holiest name of Hashem. He teaches Yehoshua the mysteries of the Torah. Moshe drapes Yehoshua in beautiful garments and brings him before the Bnei Yisroel


STARTING
OFF THE
DAY
WITH A
TAMID

We wrap us the Parsha with the laws of the Korban Tamid, the daily sacrifice, and the laws of the Korban Mussaf.

Hashem commands that every morning the Kohanim will offer a lamb on the Mizbayach (Altar). First the lamb is slaughtered, then the entire animal is burnt as an Olah together with a Mincha (flour) offering and Nesech (wine) offering.

In the afternoon, the Kohanim offer the same lamb, flour and wine combination. This is called the afternoon Tamid.

These Korbanot are offered twice a day every day, including Shabbat. They are paid for with the half shekels collected from the nation once a year. Therefore, at each offering, representatives of the community - Kohanim, Leviyim and Yisroel are present as the Korban Tamid is offered.


EXTRA...
EXTRA...
KORBAN
MUSSAF!

Every day you've got your standard Tamid offerings in the morning and afternoon. But when it comes to Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh and Yom Tov, the "community" chips in for an extra set of Korbanot.

Mussaf means "additional."


Here's a chart of all the Korbanot that are added to the daily Tamid on those special days.

MUSSAF OFFERINGS
DAY OLAH CHATAT
BULL RAM LAMB MALE GOAT
SHABBAT no no 2 no
ROSH CHODESH 2 1 7 1
PESACH daily for 7 days 2 1 7 1
SHAVUOT 2 1 7 1
ROSH HASHANA* 1 1 7 1
* Plus Rosh Chodesh offerings since Rosh Hashana is also Rosh Chodesh
YOM KIPPUR 1 1 7 1
SUKKOT
- day 1
13 2 14 1
SUKKOT
- day 2
12 2 14 1
SUKKOT
- day 3
11 2 14 1
SUKKOT
- day 4
10 2 14 1
SUKKOT
- day 5
9 2 14 1
SUKKOT
- day 6
8 2 14 1
SUKKOT
- day 7
7 2 14 1
SHIMINI ATZERET 1 1 7 1
To print out this chart click here

KORBAN
WRAP UP
The Korbanot are so important that any melacha needed to offer korbanot on Shabbat and Yom Tov is permitted. Moshe tells the Bnei Yisroel that the laws of Korbanot should be studied before Yom Tov to make sure that the right korbanot are offered.

These days, Davening (Praying) takes the place of these Korbanot. In our tefilot (prayers) we add the Mussaf on Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh and Yom Tov, reciting verses from the Torah that mention these Korbanot.

On Rosh Chodesh we read the Torah portion that deals with the Korbanot of Rosh Chodesh.

When the Bait Hamikdash is once again standing, Korbanot will be back in business.

Until then it is up to all of Klal Yisroel to remember these holy rituals.The words from the Torah that we read in Mussaf about the Korbanot are very powerful indeed.


And speaking of the power of words, don't make any promises until you tune in next week to the next exciting episode of:

Parsha on Parade

Midrash Maven
See the Midrash Maven on Pinchas


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