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A few minor holidays
have been added to the Jewish calendar to commemorate various
significant events of the 20th century relating to the Holocaust
and the modern state of Eretz Yisroel (Israel). All of
these holidays occur in the period between Pesach
/ Passover and Shavuot.
still too new for any consensus to have developed in the Jewish
community, are not universally acknowledged. The dates are not
entirely agreed upon, and the observances and appropriate liturgy
are not yet standardized. Many Jews observe them (and create new
liturgies for them). Some do not. Some celebrate the Israel-related
days, but don't assign them religious significance, and others
ignore all three.
are worth noting.
Thursday, May 2, 2019
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Thursday, April 8, 2021
- Also known as
Holocaust Remembrance Day, Yom HaShoah is observed on the 27th of
Nisan, a few days after Pesach. "Shoah"
is the Hebrew word for the Holocaust. This memorial day was
instituted by Israel's Knesset in 1951 to mourn the millions
of Jews who died in the Holocaust.
- [The date was
set as the closest date to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising immediately
/ Passover and before Israel Independence Day.]
Some prefer to commemorate 'Churban (destruction of)
Europa' on Tisha B'Av
along with the other catastrophes which have befallen the Jewish
When the 27th is adjacent to Shabbat, the date is shifted by a day.
Israel Defense Forces Memorial Day
Wednesday, May 8, 2019
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Wednesday, April 14, 2021
- Israeli Martyr
and Heroes' Memorial Day, observed on the 4th of Iyar,
remembers those fallen Israeli soldiers who sacrificed themselves
for Eretz Yisroel's survival during Israel's many wars
and the victims of terrorism.
*(If the fourth of Iyar falls on a Friday, Memorial day is commemorated on the
second of Iyar of that year; if it falls on a Thursday, Memorial Day is
commemorated on the third of Iyar of that year).
Israel Independence Day
Thursday, May 9, 2019
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
Thursday, April 15, 2021
- Following Yom HaZikaron, a deep
day of mourning, is Israeli Independence
Day, marking the establishment of the modern state of Eretz
Yisroel. It is observed on the 5th of Iyar, corresponding
to May 14, 1948, the day Eretz Yisroel was declared an
- Yom HaAtzmaut
was declared a religious holiday by Israel's Chief Rabbis, who
formulated a special order of prayer for the evening and morning
services, now incorporated in many Israeli and diaspora prayer
books. According to some views, the restrictions of the Omer
period are lifted for this day. A few anti-Zionist Jews observe
this day as a day of mourning for the sin of proclaiming the
state of Eretz Yisroel without the Messiah.
*(If the fifth day of Iyar falls on the Sabbath, Independence Day is celebrated on the third day of Iyar of that year. If the fifth of Iyar falls on a Friday, Independence Day is celebrated on the fourth day of Iyar of that year.)
Jerusalem Reunification Day
Sunday, June 2, 2019
Friday, May 22, 2020
Monday, May 10, 2021
- The 28th day
of Iyar, marks the reunification of the city of Yerushalayim
(Jerusalem) and The Temple Mount under Jewish rule almost 1900
years after the destruction of the Second Bait Hamikdash
Old City of Jerusalem was retaken from the Jordanians during
the Six Day War in 1967.
- The Hallel
[prayers of praise] is recited by some congregations. Israel's
Chief Rabbis advocate reciting Hallel with a Bracha
(blessing). According to some views, the restrictions of the
Omer period are lifted for this day.
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